Arthritis Panel-May Test of the Month
Fasting Required: Yes 10-12 Hours

Specimen: Serum

Results: 2-3 Business day

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Tests Included:

C-Reactive Protein Qualitative: Used as a test for inflammatory diseases, infections, and neoplastic diseases. CRP is a more sensitive, rapidly responding indicator than ESR. CRP may be used to detect early postoperative wound infection and to follow therapeutic response to anti-inflammatory agents. Progressive increases correlate with increases of inflammation/injury.

Rheumatoid Factor: The test for rheumatoid factor (RA) is used to help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis. The test may also be used to help diagnose an arthritis-related condition called Sjögren’s syndrome. About 80% to 90% of patients with this syndrome have high amounts of RA in their blood.

ANA: Antinuclear Antibodies, is used to help diagnose systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and drug-induced lupus, but may also be positive in cases of scleroderma, Sjögren’s syndrome, Raynaud’s disease, juvenile chronic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, autoimmune hepatitis, and many other autoimmune and non-autoimmune diseases. For this reason, SLE, which is commonly known as lupus, can be tricky to diagnose correctly. Because the ANA test result may be positive in a number of these other diseases, additional testing can help to establish a diagnosis of SLE. Your doctor may run other tests that are considered subsets of the general ANA test and that are used in conjunction with patient symptoms and clinical history to rule out a diagnosis of other autoimmune diseases.

Uric Acid: The uric acid test is used to learn whether the body might be breaking down cells too quickly or not getting rid of uric acid quickly enough. The test also is used to monitor levels of uric acid when a patient has had chemotherapy or radiation treatments.

Sedimentation Rate: A blood test which is used to screen for inflammation, cancer, and infection. A high sedimentation rate is found in a wide variety of infectious, inflammatory, and malignant diseases - the presence of an abnormality which needs further evaluation.

CMP-14: A broad screening test used to evaluate organ function and electrolyte balance as well as aid in the diagnosis of conditions such as diabetes, liver disease, and kidney disease. This test is also useful for people receiving treatment for conditions which affect the liver or kidneys.

Includes:
    Glucose-Blood sugar level, the most direct single test to uncover diabetes, may be used not only to identify diabetes, but also to evaluate how one controls the disease.
    Bun (Urea Nitrogen)—Another by-product of protein metabolism eliminated through the kidneys. BUN is an indicator of kidney function.
    Creatinine, Serum—An indicator of kidney function
    Glomerular Filtration (eGFR)—Provides an assessment of the filtering capacity of the kidney.
    Sodium—One of the major salts in the body fluid, sodium is important in the body's water balance and the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.
    Potassium—Helps to control the nerves and muscles
    Chloride—Similar to sodium, it helps to maintain the body's electrolyte balance
    Carbon Dioxide, Total—Used to help detect, evaluate, and monitor electrolyte imbalances.
    Calcium-A mineral essential for development and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It is important also for the normal function of muscles, nerves and blood clotting.
    Protein, Total—Together with albumin, it is a measure of the state of nutrition in the body. Globulin, Total—A major group of proteins in the blood comprising the infection fighting antibodies.
    Albumin—Serum one of the major proteins in the blood and a reflection of the general state of nutrition.
    Albumin/Globulin Ratio—Calculated by dividing the albumin by the globulin
    Bilirubin, Total—A chemical involved with liver functions. High concentrations may result in jaundice.
    Alkaline Phosphatase—A body protein important in diagnosing proper bone and liver functions
    Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST or SGOT)—an enzyme found in skeletal and heart muscle, liver and other organs. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.
    Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT)—an enzyme found primarily in the liver. Abnormalities may represent liver disease.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)- Used as a broad screening test to check for such disorders as anemia, infection, and many other diseases.