Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), Profile Chronic/Active Infection
Fasting Required: No

Specimen: Blood

Lab: Quest Diagnostics

Results: 2-3 business days

Note: Result turnaround times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Tests Included:
Epstein-Barr Virus VCA Antibody (IgM)
Epstein-Barr Virus VCA Antibody (IgG)
Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigen (EBNA) Antibody (IgG)
Epstein-Barr Virus Early Antigen D Antibody (IgG)

Tests for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibodies are used to help confirm a diagnosis of chronic EBV.

EBV is a member of the herpesvirus family and is one of the most common human viruses. The virus occurs worldwide, and most people become infected with EBV sometime during their lives. In the United States, as many as 95% of adults between 35 and 40 years of age have been infected. Transmission of EBV requires contact with the saliva of an infected person. The incubation period, or the time from infection to appearance of symptoms, ranges from 4 to 6 weeks.

Other complications of EBV infection that can occur include trouble breathing due to a swollen throat and, rarely, jaundice, skin rashes, pancreatitis, seizures, and/or encephalitis. EBV is also associated with, and may play a role in, several rare forms of cancer, including Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma, as well as multiple sclerosis.